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Monday 8 October 2007

Social Networking Applications - Breaking the "One Site, One Service" Paradigm

Personally, I'm a big fan of Facebook. Particularly with the whole concept of the integrated applications and "widgets" that can be accessed on your profile page and, very importantly, shared with friends. Clearly the quality of applications will improve over time but what's particularly exciting is that Facebook (and other social network sites) applications present a new opportunity: multiple entry points into a service.

For example, traditional "dating" sites require you to log into a website conduct a search and communicate via that site. You will receive notifications via email and there may be an option of receiving information to your mobile phone. But essentially it's a limited service that requires you to be on that website to do anything useful. If a Facebook application were developed by that dating service to send a feed of potential partners/matches to your Facebook page, it would catch you when you're in that "social mindset", does all the work for you and prompts you to delve further into the search results back on the dating site. If the concept is then made interactive (where you can link it with your Facebook status updates for example) or onto a mobile device, it starts to get very exciting... Don't get me started on location based services, where if you entered data into a Facebook app suggesting you were heading out on the town that night you can receive a txt or data feed to your mobile letting you know of a potential match in the same pub/club you've just walked into (GPS tracking to within 5 metres!). Think of the possibilities!

Here's an interesting article on Facebook and it's applications from The Sydney Morning Herald:

The Sydney Morning Herald, Next, October 9, 2007

Facebook is no longer just a social time waster, it's a platform for on-demand software. Randal Leeb-du Toit talks to the developers building this new world.

EVER wondered what your stripper name is? If so, you're not alone - 2.7 million Facebook users have added the What's My Stripper Name application to their profiles.

It's just one example of the viral power of the Facebook online social network - and a hint to its potential as a platform for marketing and delivering on-demand software.

Two weeks ago, news broke that Microsoft was in talks to buy a slice of Facebook, which would value the company at $US10 billion ($A11.2 billion). A week later it outlined its Microsoft Online strategy, of "software plus services" delivered partly, or entirely, through the web browser.

TheBroth doesn't need Microsoft to validate the potential of software delivered online. This Perth collaborative art community, launched last year, wrote What's My Stripper Name.

TheBroth's founder Markus Weichselbaum (aka Bambi Candylips) says Facebook was a chance to show the team's intellectual property to many users, rather than attracting them to separate websites.

"Our decision to enter this space was for commercial reasons," Mr Weichselbaum says. "We're lucky that we are working on applications that are fun to develop and fun for our users."

Its first application, PuzzleBee, transformed a photo into a puzzle to share. When the number of users increased exponentially - now more than half a million - he realised he was on a winner and a portfolio of applications was built.

They have more than 5.7 million users, helped by virally attractive functions such as male stripper names and rating friends' names.

It's just one of the success stories on Facebook's open development platform, launched on May 24. A hundred days on, there were more than 70,000 developers on Facebook's developer forum and more than 3000 applications vetted by Facebook for addition to the system.

While most, like Stripper Name, are just for fun, Facebook obviously means business. Last month it announced fbFund, $10 million of grants for anyone interested in building their business on Facebook's platform. Any individual or company can apply for $25,000 to $250,000, as long as they have not raised any formal venture funding. It is administered by Facebook but funded by venture capitalists.

"We are forming this fund to help grow the Facebook application ecosystem," the company wrote on its blog.

"By decreasing the barrier to start a company, we hope to entice an even larger group of people to become entrepreneurs and build a compelling business on Facebook Platform.

"We hope this is also a funding model that other venture capitalists will follow."

Kazaa's former chief technology officer, Phil Morle, says the most compelling aspect of the platform is access to millions of users and the very fabric of the social network.

"Developers can create a rich universe of people and connections without requiring years of hard work and luck. In addition, the technical approach Facebook has taken and the developer documentation they have created has enabled developers to quickly get results by building on the languages and models they already use."

Companies have already set up to focus on Facebook applications. Social Media founder David Henderson says Facebook use is all about Generation Y, which spends much time in this medium.

"Facebook is the new TV," Mr Henderson says. "Only this medium is social and engaging, not passive and linear." Social Media has raised $1 million from Silicon Valley venture capitalists Charles River Ventures.

Understanding what users of a social network want is key to getting them to download and use a developer's applications, says Jia Shen, chief technology officer of California-based RockYou. It serves 150 million applications to more than 200 countries across several social networks.

Mr Shen says his applications are tailored to social networks' needs. MySpace applications cater to self-expression and provide flashy decoration. Facebook applications are about users interacting with the software and their friends.

"MySpace is about meeting people and has a strong dating aspect, whereas Facebook is about people you've met or already know," Mr Shen says. "On MySpace 80 per cent of the views are of user profiles. On Facebook people spend the majority of time on the newsfeed page and from there they launch off into the different applications they are interested in."

RockYou, which received a second round of venture-capital funding in May, launched some of the first applications on Facebook. One of its most popular is Likeness, which enables a user to discover who they most look like among their friends or film stars.

Mr Shen says the concept was that a user expresses herself or himself and then pushes the application to friends, saying "Hey everybody, this is more interesting if you engage with it, too."

"Because a user's friends are there, it's a whole lot more interesting."

Applications have to be about long-term value rather than converting people into users.

A good example is the Zombies game, by which people bite friends and turn them into zombies.

"It's only been three months but Facebook applications have already gone through five epochs of evolution," Mr Shen says.

"Zombies started out as a goofy game but the real value of this application is leveraging the horde and the network effect of how many friends a user has infected.

"This allows the user to level themself up and engage in different types of battles."

He sees applications such as Zombies including item acquisition and trading. This is the long-term dream of many companies - using the platform to make money.

RockYou is leveraging the reach of its applications into making money. For example, it helped Yahoo! launch a music-video application by integrating it with its Likeness and Superwall applications.

It also promoted the application on its Facebook advertising network, which has 100,000 installations a day. This resulted in the Yahoo! application growing 200 times faster than it would have otherwise.

RockYou's advertising network helps small developers to launch applications at a fast pace - it charges on a cost-per-install basis and guarantees a certain number of users.

RockYou makes money from advertisements on the application pages and brand sponsorships. It recently did a James Bond Casino Royale campaign on its Slideshow application.

THE business angle of Facebook has not escaped venture capitalists. Altura Ventures is the world's first Facebook-only venture capital firm. Chief executive Lee Lorenzen says Facebook will have 200 million users and be worth $100 billion in 18 months.

"This is about the social operating system and if we look at the huge fortunes made around the internet browser, the equivalent time period to now would be 1994 - about a year before Netscape went public," he says.

Mr Lorenzen says the idea is to write software that entices a user back frequently to the canvas page, where they will want to interact with it repeatedly.

He says Facebook's success is a wake-up call for companies such as Google, which positions itself as a door to the web.

Social Media's Mr Henderson agrees.

"Like Netscape's browser challenged Microsoft's dominance a decade earlier, the social network platform will challenge Google's dominance.

"It won't happen overnight but the seeds have been sown.

"We are transitioning from a web of content to a web of people - from page rank to social graph."

Facebook is not without controversy. Mr Weichselbaum warns that Facebook is "a young platform on many levels".

"Serious developers used to serious application development may find it difficult to keep up with Facebook's unannounced code releases," he says.

Balancing the interests of users and developers and maintaining the security of the site is paramount. Facebook issues new programming code most Tuesday evenings from its Palo Alto offices. This sometimes breaks a developer's application.

"Users oblivious to the inner workings of the Facebook developer platform leave scathing reviews on applications they feel are badly programmed or don't work - even though the developer is innocent and Facebook itself is to blame," Mr Weichselbaum says.

"Within the many-thousand-strong Facebook developers' community, voices are getting louder that accuse Facebook of acting recklessly for not testing new code enough before releasing it."

Rather than putting him off the platform, Mr Weichselbaum treats these issues as "opportunity costs".

But the big question is how big is this opportunity?

Mr Morle cautions that Facebook risks flaming out if users get bored. The Facebook team and outside developers need to innovate to keep users coming back.

"I'm waiting for Facebook to allow us to get access to their application platform interface from outside of Facebook.

"They could become a unified service for users to store their relationships," he says.



Founded: February 2004

Open registration policy: September 2006

Facebook Platform launched: May 2007

Page views per month: 54 billion

Active users: 43 million

Australian users: 1.4 million

Average time on site per user per day: 20 minutes

Average weekly growth since January: 3 per cent

New applications added per day: 100

Photos uploaded daily: 14 million

Official blog:


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